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FROM THE CYCLE EXCURSIONS IN KIEV
THE ARTICLE "Vladimir's Cathedral"

Vladimir's Cathedral is one of the most famous Orthodox churches is the capital and the main church of Kievan Patriarchate. It was built in 1862-1882 years

Metropolitan Filaret of Moscow in 1852 in honor of 900 anniversary of the Baptism of Kievan Rus by Vladimir decided to build a house. The mass sacrifice of funds for implementation of this idea in 1859 allowed to collect a huge amount of donations - 100 000 RUR. Three years later, there began construction of the temple, which lasted almost 20 years. At the ceremony of sacrifiction of theCathedral in August 1896 came Czar Nicholas II and his wife Alexandra.

In Soviet times cathedral continued to operate and served as the cathedral for the Kiev-Galician Metropolitan belongingtoRussian Orthodox Church. Of course, there were attempts to close it. In 1929 Kiev city council decided to organize indoor Ukrainian anti-religious museum "at the request of numerous workers." The decisionapproved the Central Executive Committee secretariat. Once in 1992wasformed the Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kyiv Patriarchate, the temple became the Patriarchal Cathedral of the denomination.

Today Vladimir cathedral is known for having on its territory are relics of St. Barbara and St. Macarius.

Draft Council consisted oftalented architects Sparro and Shtrom. Subsequently, he was slightly redesigned by architect A. Berettie. Participation in the construction of the cathedral took Nikolaev, J. Bernhardt, K. J. Majewski. Architecture of the temple has featured pseudo-Russian style. Despite the fact that the six-tryapsydni temples were traditional in Kievan Rus Vladimir's Cathedral differs from them in that topped seven domes.

Considerable artistic value - characteristic internal wall paintings executed in 1885-1896 Russian artist V. Vasnetsov (historical composition"Baptism of Vladimir," "Baptism," portraits Bogolyubsky, Vladimir, Olga, Alexander Nevsky) Mikhail Nesterov (on the walls choir - song "Christmas" and "Resurrection" in the baptistery - track "Epiphany"), Ukrainian - Zamyraylom, S. Kostenko, Pymonenka Polish - P. A. Svedomskym ("Entry into Jerusalem", "The Last Supper", "Pilate's Court"), Kotarbinskym ("Resurrection) and Vrubel. Ukrainian craftsmen completed pattern that covered the entire space, except for the right nave, painted by M. Vrubel.

by Ostap Ukrainetz

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