There are places in Ukraine, that saved their ancient appearance nowadays; places in which the smell of antiquity exists till the present day, and age-old story reminds of itself at every turn. One of these places, of course, is Vinnitsa. Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky and Maxim Kashpirovsky, Simon Petlura and Maxim Krivonos, Brusilov and Pirogov - this is not a complete list of famous people associated with this majestic city.
The word "Vinnitsa" is derived from Old Slavic "vno", which previously meant "gift." Also, according to some versions, the city is named this way because of the distilleries, where beer was brewed, and because of the river Vinnichki. The first documentary news about this city are dated back to 1396 to the times of Wladyslaw Jagiello who during the transmission of western Podolia separated this city from the rest and kept it in his power.
From the very old times Vinnitsa was a city of a variety of nationalities and confessions. During many centuries Ukrainians and Russians, Poles and Jews, Orthodox and Catholics, Protestants and Jews lived here alongside. All of them have contributed their part in the appearance of the city and its development.
The rich historical past had an impact on the number of attractions and interesting places.
In the opinion of the townspeople, the arch of the main entrance to Central Gorky Park is the hallmark of Vinnitsa. This building was created in 1961 to perpetuate the first man flight into space.
Those who like the ancient history couldn’t be unimpressed of a complex of fortifications and religious buildings 17-18 century, the so-called "Mura". At the center of Vinnitsa, they, among other things, include the Holy Transfiguration Cathedral and the Jesuit monasteries - the true witnesses of antiquity that survived many generations.
Near the city center there is also "Ierusalimka" - the old Jewish quarter that was founded in the 18th century and now is the part of the modern city. Here you can see signs of the famous Baroque Western Podolia style - a very interesting style that is very rare today in Ukraine.
If you are interested in famous personalities and want to learn more about their lives, Vinnitsa will not disappoint you. The city has a museum-estate of Pirogov, house of Brusilov, Museum of Kotsyubynsky and many other buildings in which people that somehow influenced the history lived.
For those people who are interested in the events of World War II there is a well-known Hitler's "Werewolf" headquarters, located near the village of Strizhavka, which is approximately 8 kilometers from the city. According to historians, a directive by the notorious number 45 on the taking of the Black Sea coast, Stalingrad, and then the next attack on Baku was signed in this place.
Vinnitsa, without a doubt, is the ancient city with a great history. But it can surprise you not only with the antiquity. Vinnitsa is also a modern business center in which the life goes around the clock As proof of this, you can see the Europe's largest floating light and music fountain, which was opened September 4, 2011. Directly in open water on the river of South Bug, it rises to a height of 60 meters. This magnificent fountain which work is accompanied by music and laser show, is able to give unforgettable pleasure to all lovers of beauty.
You can hear a lot about this wonderful city, its magnificent buildings and entertaining stories but no story could replace those experiences that you can get if you see it all with your own eyes. Vinnitsa is one of those cities that will never disappoint you.
Author Alexander Uvarov