FISHERMAN'S BASTION IN BUDAPEST
Right in the center of Hungarian capital, in the old part of Budapest called V?r, on thetops of Budai Mountains one of the most famous landmarks of the city is placed comfortably which is the Fisherman’s Bastion. Incredible beauty of this architectural construction, made from white stone, has been attracting locals as well as tourists from all over the world for many years. Galleries of the Fisherman’s Bastion open a wonderful and unforgettable view to the Pest part of the city, the Hungarian Parliament, and picturesque Danube view.
The Fisherman’s Bastion was built on the place of old almost destroyed walls of the King’s Palace. Construction works took place during the period of 1897-1905 under the guidance of architect Friedrich Schulek. Originally, opening of the Fisherman’s Bastion was planned for the day the Millennium of Hungary would be celebrated, however, by that time construction works hadn’t been finished yet. Openings ceremony of the Fisherman’s Bastion was held on the 9th of October, 1905.
In Medieval times on the place of modern Fisherman’s Bastion there was a fish market. During the war, fishermen had to protect this territory which was the reason to give the name of the Fisherman’s Bastion to the newly-built construction.
In reality, the Fisherman’s Bastion has never been used for military purposes. It has been still playing its original role of a beautiful decorative element of the fortress and a wonderful architectural background of St. Matthias church.
The Fisherman’s Bastion is constructed in neoromantic style. Here you can see arcades, balustrades, towers, viewing platforms from which you can observe wonderful view to the old city. The Fisherman’s Bastion in built in the shape of a squaresurrounded with a gallery. There is an equestrian figure of King Saint Istvan, the first Hungarian ruler, installed in the middle of this square. The statue is constructed according to the project of a famous Hungarian sculptor Lajos Strobl.
The bastion has seven towers each of them signifying one of seven Hungarian tribes that united in 896 and founded Hungary. These towers are connected among themselves with overpasses. Underground tunnels are situated under the walls of the Fisherman’s Bastion and the King’s Palace. Their total length is 4km.
At the foot of one of the stair-cases you can see a copy of sculpture picturing Saint George’s killing the dragon. The original of this sculpture is in Prague. By the way, according to the original architect’s project this stair-case should have lead right to Danube shore.
World War II significantly damaged the construction of the Fisher’s Bastion. It was nearly destroyed. Reconstruction works were performed by the architect’s son Janos Schulek.
In 1987 the Budai fortress and the Fisherman’s Bastion were included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.