MUSEUM OF FINE ARTS IN BUDAPEST
Hungary is one a few European countries that gathered a huge number of unrivaledart masterpiecesin various spheres, such asarchitecture, painting, sculpture, etc.One of the most prominent places whichaccommodatesthe biggest part of art material and which is one of the largest in Hungary isthe Museum of Fine Arts in Budapest. It is also called the Museum of Beaux Arts. There are arts pieces from various European countries of various periods represented in this museum: starting with monuments of ancient Mediterranean culture and finishing with modern sculptures, graphics and paintings.
The Museum of Fine Arts was officially alleged by so called “the Law of Millennial Anniversary”, however its opening ceremonytook place only in 1906.Nevertheless, first collections of this Museum have rather earlier origin than the Museum of Fine Arts itself.
In 1802Hungarian National Museum was opened whose halls accommodated significant archeological, numismatic, book materials, as well as several paintings (historical portraits).
Due to long-lasting collecting and selection of materials in the Hungarian National museum, andsequential adding of private collections,the collections were created that form the base ofthe Museum of Fine Arts. These include the Department of graphics and Old Paintings Gallery, as well as first exhibits of other museum galleries, such as Sculpture Department, Department of old Hungarian Art, Department of Antique Art, etc.
We offer you a short insight in the most popular galleries of the Museum of Fine Arts.
For a long time basic part of the antique collection in the National Museum was represented by the collection of ancient Egyptian art.Till the year 1957, this collection was a part of Antique Department, after which a separate gallery was created. Since 1962 there exists an independent Egyptian Department, whose exhibitionrepresentsa multi-sided picture of art, culture and ancient Egyptian cult of the deceased. This collection includes 2500 exhibits.
Classical Antiquities Department
Original collection of the Classical Antiquities Department in the Museum of Fine Arts consisted of gypsum copies, representing pieces of classical art.At that time profile of this department didn’t include collecting the originals of Antique culture. The beginning of collecting original works of antique culture in the Museum of Fine Arts was set in 1908 by AntalHekler who bought 135 marble sculpture pieces from Paul Arndt, archeologist from Munich, and in 1913 – 650 more terra-cotta ones. Nowadays, Classical Antiquitiese Department of the Museum comprises4000 pieces of Etruscan, Greek, Carthaginian and Roman cultures.
Old Paintings Gallery
One of the main collections in the Museum of Beaux Arts is the Old Paintings Gallery thatcomprisesmore than 2600 unique masterpieces of European painting. Among those, 800 paintings belong to the static exhibition. The Old Paintings Gallery is always open for visitors. Rest of paintings is kept in so called “scientific store-room” which aims to ensure access for scientific workers to study culture and painting. Graphics Department includes a collection of gravures by Rembrandt, Goya and Durer, lithographs by TuluzLotrek and Domye, and many other masters.
Department of Modern European Art
Collection of the Old Paintings and Graphics Gallery was successfully enriched due to careful and methodical work of the Museum of Fine art, private collections of donators and testators.At the same time, collection of the Department of Modern European Art was also enriched. However, some negative factors affected its destiny, among those changing tastes and moods of patrons of the XIX-XX centuries, as well as policy of Hungarian government concerning culture and works of this Museum during the hard period between the two World Wars.
A new department of the Museum was created in 1955which was the Old Sculpture Department. It was created due methodical and careful collecting of sculptures of the IV-XVIII centuries.Foundation of this collection was created by a series of Italian sculptures, bigger part of which was bought by one of the Museum Directors Kara Pulski in the end of the ХIХcentury in Italy. Later it was accomplished by a collection of bronze sculptures that used to belong to a famous Hungarian sculptor IstvanFerenczi who created his collection in Rome at the beginning of the XIX century.