DEBRECEN. NADERDE HEALING BATH
Debrecen is an eastern Hungarian town. It is second most populated city after the capital - Budapest. Its population is 204297 thousand people. Debrecen is situated in the historical district Alfeld which is the territory of Central Danube plain. Distance between Budapest and Debrecen is 220 km. Boarder with Romania is at the distance of just 30km.
Debrecen was created in the result of unification of some neighboring settlements. Fist records of the town date back to the year 1235. Origin of the name (etymology) is unknown, however, there exists a version that its origin is connected with Slavic “Dobre zliem” meaning “good soil”.
The year 1361 was significant for Debrecen, as it was the year when king Lajosh I gave it the status of a free town. In the XV – XVI centuries the town took leading position among trading towns of Hungary. Agricultural fairs were regularly held here. During the period from 1450 to 1507, Debrecen was the property of Huyadi family. After the Turkish invasion, in the XVI century, namely in the middle of it, the town was under the power of Transylvanian government and received the status of semi-independent that it held till the year 1693 when it came into possession of the Hapsburgs, as well as all Hungary. Debrecenwas unofficially named “Hungarian Geneva” and it is still considered to be the main place of Hungarian Calvinism. The year 1673 was remembered in the history by the deportation of 40 pastors of Protestant Reformed Churches that resulted in wide spread of Protestant ideas in the town. Road to Debrecen was opened for Roman Catholic Church only in the year 1715 when St. Anna church and monastery of piar order were built. In 1849Debrecenwas hit with Hungarian revolution during which the town was practically the capital of Hungary. In April of the same year, a State Meeting session was held in the premises of the Great Church of Debrecen. During this event, the declaration of Hungarian independence was proclaimed.
When the revolution was gradually crushed, the town regained its economic rise. In the year 1857 Budapest and Debrecen were joined by the railway, the number of banks, plants, hospitals, schools and other new buildings increased. The year 1884was remarkable as first tram in Hungary started to run in the town. It worked on the principle of steam power. After World War II was finished, Romania got a bigger part of Hungarian lands on the East, and as a result Debrecen became almost a frontier town. World War II damaged Debrecen significantly, as Debrecen operation took place in the neighborhood of the town in October, 1944. It caused 50% of losses of the town buildings (completely destroyed), 20% were damaged. Till the 60s of XX the city experienced renovation and reconstruction. By the 50s of the XX century the city of Debrecen had grown the third largest city in the country after Budapest and Miskolc. However, in the 90s an industrial crisis caused a big out migration from Miskolc, so Debrecen became the second in size.
Reformed cathedral is considered to be the symbol of Debrecen. It is constructed in the style of classicism and inner adornment is made in puritan style. There are benches installed in the cathedral that have 3000 seats. This cathedral is the biggest Reformed church in Hungary. Main relic here is the chair of Lajosh Kossuth as he was the person who announced that Habsburgs were dethroned (which took place on the 14th of April, 1849).
Naderde Healing Bath
The territory of 11000sq.m is located in the residence of Naderde healing bath. The bathes are represented with four swimming pools, filled with thermal water, sweat lodges and baths. Aquapeark “Aquaticum” is located on the territory of baths and has the area of 5000sq.m. True Mediterranean climate prevails in the aquapark. Here you will be offered a wide range of entertainments: waterfalls, swimming pools equipped with artificial waves, underwater massage, underflow, cave bath, pools for playing, waterslides, various Jacuzzis. Visiting this place will be rather interesting both for adults and children.
Water used for treatment is unique. It contains such elements as iodine, bromine, sodium chloride, calcium, metaboric acid, magnesium oxide. Temperature of healing water reaches 63°C above 0. This water is recommended for prevention and treatment of such diseases as:
- Bechterew disease;
- Disease of respiratory system;
- Chronic gynaecological diseases;
- Skin diseases;
- Diseases of locomotor system;
- Joints diminution;
- Problems of a chondral disk;
- uratic arthritis, back bone diseases;
- Post-trauma rehabilitation.
Highly qualified doctors will prepare an individual program of procedures, based on medical analysis. Duration and intensity of hydrotherapeutic procedures in thermal pools are described precisely to minutes. About 40 various procedures are applied in the resort. Apart from balneotherapy, electrotherapy is also used: galvanic current, mud poultices, laser therapy, magnetic therapy, electric plating bath, health-improving and healing massage.
- Contagious diseases;
- Inflammatory conditions;
- malignant tumors;
- Conditions of alcohol intoxication;
- Cardiac failure;
- High blood pressure.
Every year Debrecen blooms along with Flower Parade. Lots of tourists from various countries get together for this event to enjoy wonderful spectacle. Steppe Hortobagy is situated not far from the city, where days of horsemen are organized and held on international level, as well as Hortobagy fair that is held near the Nine-arched Bridge.
Fans of nature have a wonderful chance to visit Hortobagy national park which is the first Hungarian national park and is included in the list of UNESCO World heritage. Rich flora and fauna will please your eyes with its abundance. Here you can see rare animals. Shepherds’ museum is located on the territory of the park where you can get acquainted with culture and household of local shepherds. After visiting museum you can refresh yourself with delicious wood in “Nadcharda” restaurant.
If you have enough free time, you should visit Hajdusagi Museum, Fazekas’ House, and Byzantine-rite Catholic Monastery in the city of Hajdudorog or houses with reed roofs in Nadvara. Visiting the oldest hotel in the country which is still operating will be interesting as well. The most wonderful old building in Debrecen is the City Hall, so it is really worth visiting. You also have a chance to gauge the size of the biggest windmill in Europe that is located in Boszormenyi street.
Another interesting sight of Debrecen is Naderde Park situated in the northern part of the city. In the year 1939 it was assigned the status of a nature reserve. There is a thermal treatment complex located on the territory of this park, as well as a zoo, an arboretum and an aquapark.
However, all these are not the full list of tourist attractions which the city is so rich on. The list is really long. While staying in Debrecen, you shouldn’t miss a chance to see wonderful painting collection of Deri Museum, or museum of Applied Arts that is situated in the old building of Calvinist College with its huge library (300 thousand volumes). It is also impossible to pass through Small Calvinist church without paying attention to its cut tower.