FROM THE CYCLE "TOURS IN UKRAINE"
THE ARTICLE: "NARCISSUS VALLEY"
Narcissus Valley is probably the most famous association with Transcarpathia for most people. Excellent recreation area amidst an array Carpathian reserve annually attracts hundreds of thousands of tourists with its wild beauty and uniqueness. In just 4 kilometers from Khust, the tract called Kireshi is one of the most scenic parts of Ukraine.
The reserve is located on a very atypical for Transcarpathia flat terrain on one of the terraces of the river Tisza, occupying almost the entire basin in the floodplain of Hustets river (257 ha).
Scientists believe that the valley arose after the ice age, when, due to geological disasters from the mountains slid layer of earth, moving to the valley so unique plants. After the melting of glaciers, the valley was flowed with a lot of water, which caused climate change and the rapid development of daffodils in the valley. Over time, between Mukachevo and Khust (where, in fact, daffodils bloom) began to grow oak forests, and the beginning of economic activity in these areas made the number of daffodils to decline slightly.
During the Soviet Union Valley has been under threat of extinction - Valley was planned to plow in order to adapt crops there, while in the 1980s even began drainage work that somewhat affected the vegetation. Only after the destruction of 50(!) Ha of daffodils, plowing finally stopped, and surviving territory of flowers delivered CBR. Special role in maintaining the area played Professor V.I. Komendar, who gave the name of the reserve.
Today the valley is a unique botanical object. It is under the protection of Europe's largest natural cell of narcissus, which, moreover, are growing in unusual circumstances. Usually alpine flowers narcissus occur in the Alps, the Balkans and Carpathians as small groups or lawns at a height of 1100-2060 m This flat population is a unique event for the whole world, so is considered a relic and is under the protection of UNESCO (part of the network of biosphere reserves).
In addition to the daffodils in the valley growing in its natural form 15 species of plants listed as endangered and 16 species of orchids, just as in the valley with up to 500 different species of plants. Naturally, the valley is rich in fauna as well: it is the only place in the whole reserve where muskrat, hare, crested newt and other rare animals can be met.
Narcissus Valley is the place extremely rich in legends. They say that once potter Ivanko gave his beloved Princess Russ marvelous vase, which flickered narcissus flowers. When Prince learned of their secret meetings in the valley, he became so vicious that threw the vase out the window. Its fragments in the morning appeared to be thousands of daffodils bloom.
Now, in order to see blooming daffodils, you don’t need to break the vase - just visit the valley in the third decade of May - then, at the peak of their bloom, the whole valley is covered with snow-white carpet, that always welcomes thousands of tourists.
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