Poltava is a wonderful Ukrainian territory, full of interesting and mysterious stories, legends and events. The region dominated by native Ukrainian culture, traditions and customs that are passed from generation to generation, where the atmosphere is filled with celebration, happiness, fun, love and romance. In Poltava and Poltava region there are a lot of interesting sights which every year are visited by tens or even hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the world. One of the most popular tourist destinations in the Poltava region is an ancient Ukrainian village of Dykanka, which is only 29 kilometers on the north of the regional center.
Nowadays Dykanka is the urban village, which is nestled on the picturesque banks of the Vorskla River. Here are about 8500 people. Beam Brovary and road share the Dykanka into four part-Slisenko, Chrisco, Harajuku, Voronenko.
At first glance, Dykanka can seem like the usual Ukrainian populated points of the rural type. But there was not! Dykanka is a picturesque village in Poltava region, which is surrounded by great nature and which for many centuries has fascinated people with its beauty. First of all, Dykanka is known worldwide thanks to the immortal works of Nikolai Gogol, who is madly in love with this region. Except Gogol, Dykanka charmed and many other creative individuals, such as Panas Mirny, Hryhorii Kvitka-Osnovianenko, composer Nikolai Ivanovich Glinka. And even the Great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin, who never visited the place, wrote in his work "Poltava" mentioned Kochubeevskoe oaks in Dykanka: "Blossoms in the Dykanka a number of ancient oaks, fathers planted".
There are so many versions, which in its own way prove the origin of the name of this village. According to one of the most popular versions, the name "Dykanka" comes from the wild impassable thickets, which was surrounded on all sides by Dykanka. If you believe the second version, the name of the village comes from the name of the first resident - Dykun. Locals like best, just the second version. This confirms the fact that very popular here are the names Dykan, Dykyi, and many others, originating from the name "Dykanka".
On the territory of today's Dykanka archaeologists have found traces of three different communities, who lived here in the Scythian period, namely in the VII - VI century BC. The first written mention of the Dykanka dated 1658 year. Chronicles of the seventeenth century about the Dykanka write, as on the field of battle between the army of the Polish Hetman Ivan Vyhovsky under the leadership of Ivan Serbina and rebels against him squad Poltava Colonel Martin Pushkar. Still place this bloody battle is called "Serbian’s field”. Later on the territory of the Dykanka and its environs there was another serious battle between the Hetman of Left-Bank and Right-Bank Ukraine - Bryukhovetsky and Doroshenko. In this battle died Hetman I. Bryukhovetsky.
In Dykanka, as we know from history that was united the hearts of the two lovers - the Ukrainian Hetman Ivan Mazepa, who at the time was 65 years, and his young brestnitsa Motrya Kotchubey, which was only 16.Motrya is one of the daughters of Vasily Kotchubey, who owned a lot of local lands. Such relationships by canonical law were forbidden, and married couple could not. Rumors about these relations have reached the St.-Petersburg. Motrya, against the will of their parents, tried to escape to the Hetman Mazepa. After all this girl came to the monastery, where he spent the rest of his life. Angry father Vasily Kotchubey several times sent denunciations of Mazepa to Peter I, but none of the accusations emperor was not accepted. Got all that Vasily Kotchubey fell into disfavor to Peter I, for which he was executed.
History of Dykanka is very closely related to the family Kotchubey, whose contribution to its development should not be underestimated. Almost all the monuments that survived and those which are only stored history, directly or indirectly connected with family Kotchubey. By Kotchubey in Dykanka was built a huge and very beautiful palace, which was more than a hundred rooms. Unfortunately, the Palace has not survived to our days, as in 1917, the rebel peasants looted and destroyed it to the ground. Now on the same place of Kotchubey Palace there is a beautiful landscaped park. Next rise four powerful and old oak, which are called "Kochubey’s", and near which had been dating of Motrya and Ivan Mazepa. Local residents say that the age of these oaks reach more than 800 years! And as the joke of local old-timers, Kochubey’s oaks are so large that they are not what you cannot embrace, they even cannot run around.
Another very interesting sight Dykanka is a triumphal arch - a very valuable historical monument.The triumphal arch was built in 1820 as the entrance to the house of Kotchubey. Construction Triumphal arch was dedicated in honor of the arrival of the Emperor Alexander I in Dykanka. The triumphal arch is the only in Ukraine architectural monument that crowns the victory of Russian army over the French in 1812.
Among the architectural monuments of the Dykanka brightly expressed her two spiritual shrines Nicholas and Holy Trinity Church. St. Nicholas Church was built in 1794 in the style of classicism. During the construction of this Church was first used in the dual dome. Special attention deserves carved iconostasis, which is made from bog oak. In the underground part of the St. Nicholas Church is located family tomb kind of Kotchubey, in which are buried the nine members of this family. Near St. Nicholas Church in 1822 he built a tower, which fascinates everyone with its extraordinary beauty.
The second Church, Holy Trinity, was built in 1780 in the late Baroque style.It was built in the shape of a cross. Trinity Church, like many other attractions Dykanka is inextricably linked with the work of the great writer Nikolai Gogol, who frequently visited this Church. According to one legend, in Trinity Church visited the blacksmith Vakyla, a legendary character of Gogol's story "the Night before Christmas". It Vakyla drew a devil.
In honor about world famous writer N. In. Gogol, in Dykanka opened the historical and architectural complex "Evenings on a farm near Dykanka". By visiting this complex, you can see the real life of the Ukrainian village: small hut with a traditional oven, a well, a tavern, a blacksmith.
Speaking about the attractions of the Dykanka we must not forget the magnificent lilacgrove that was planted by another member of the genus Kotchubey - Victor - for her daughter, which is painfully ill with tuberculosis. From around the world gathered all sorts of varieties of lilacs. In the period of its active flowering the girl's health was much improved, but as soon as the bushes fell last color, the disease returned to normal. Unfortunately, long after the death of the last representative of the Kotchubey genus for lilac garden no one cared, and today there is only one variety of lilac. But, nevertheless, on May the number of tourists wanting to see this beauty, every year becomes more and more. Still there are folk festivals under the title "Song of the lilac grove".
Perhaps I should summarize this small article about generous Dykanka region. To talk about it for a long time, but as they say, better to see once, than hundred times to hear (or read). Come in Dykanka, and rest assured that pleasant impressions and memories of her will remain forever.