LILAC GROVE IN DIKAN'KA
For more than 200 years of popular village Dykanka buried in the lilac grove. Nowhere else will you find a place where so many lilac bushes grew. The locals are so advertise its natural feature: "This is the biggest bunch of the world!". Spring during flowering lilac in Dykanka thousands of tourists come to see the incredible beauty of this floral oasis. Arriving in Dykanka on flowering lilac grove, tourists can walk independently of lilac, or take a walk in the company of a local guide who tells many colorful stories about the weevil, unhappy young princess and the Soviet lemonade.
Tell a little bit of history and we will!
Long before the revolution of 1917 the next area with a lilac grove belonged Kochubeev princes, who were direct descendants of the very Kotchubey. It is a pity he is known for a sad story. Vasily Kotchubey was exposer of Ivan Mazepa, whom he accused of treason. Trying to tell and convince the veracity of the words of Tsar Peter the First Kotchubey laid his head. At the beginning of the XIX century the estate was run Kotchubey Prince Victor Pavlovich Kotchubey, on whose will appeared in Dykanka "Lilac pit." At the edge of the village, the prince decided to build a brick factory, next to which was dug a huge pit where the clay was mined for the manufacture of bricks. Very quickly, the dimensions of the pits increased, it reached the area of two hectares, and the depth of five meters. The plant did not last long and was soon closed, leaving behind a trail of dull is a huge hole on the edge of the village, it does not decorating. Ruler of the village at the time decided to plant lilacs pit area. To do this, was hired a huge team of professional gardeners, ordered nearly forty different varieties of lilacs of the best landscape parks around the world. That is exactly what has arisen in this Dykanka lilac paradise. To date, the entire territory of the lilac grove is part of the regional landscape park "Dykanka."
Lilac grove for a long time admiring the hundreds of thousands of people, but she also had to go through hard times, and when all this beauty authorities wanted to put the ax. These times sat down for the period of Soviet rule, which called lilac grove "symbol of the bourgeoisie" and wanted to get rid of it. Fortunately, suffered only a small part of the park.
Dykanka’s beauty bouquet of lilac admired and admired by many famous people. For several weeks the prince Kotchubey was visiting the famous composer Glinka, who under the bushes blooming lilacs gained in its chapel choir of talented boys and girls. A popular writer and historian Giljarovsky visited these places in order to collect new materials for folklore and history. He was so inspired by the beauty of the lilac grove, which has devoted a single line in his book.
Pretty strange, is the fact that the lilac grove is never mentioned in the works of Nikolai Gogol, about whose activities and work here says almost every attraction. According to some historians, between prosperous Kotchubey and can barely make ends meet Gogol was a conflict because of which offended NV Gogol never mentioned the lilac garden in his works.
Legend of the young princess, and A.S Pushkin first love
About the legend knows practically every resident of Dykanka. After the completion of the Russian-French War Russian empire again healed old life. Princes Kotchubey at the time was one of the richest people and were often invited to the royal balls in St. Petersburg. He has two daughters. One of them with its beauty charmed the Great Russian writer Alexander Pushkin. According to many modern historians, it was Natalia Kotchubey was the first love of the poet, and he dedicated it to his first poems.
No less was beautiful and Natalia’s sister - Anna. She was the favorite of the prince. At age thirteen she reciprocated one secular dandies, who was famous all over the capital as an avid gambler. When Prince Kotchubey learned what choice has decided to make his beloved daughter, he had to think about the wedding banned Anna with this person. Prince has made all its efforts and influence to the young man was kicked out of the city. When the young princess found out about it, her health deteriorated further (she had tuberculosis). Anna refused to eat, did not want to talk to anyone. Father did not know how to help her daughter and took the advice of doctors who recommend Anne to arrange an emotional meltdown. He took the daughter in Dykanka. They came here just at the beginning of May, in the midst of blooming lilacs. The result was not long in coming, because the scent of lilacs can be heard throughout the village. Princess immediately went on the amendment, it began to return power. But alas ... faded lilac and everything was back to normal. Anna lived for another two years, and died at the age of 14 years.
Initially, the lilac grove was planted about 40 varieties of lilacs. The garden is well cared for, but after the beginning of the twentieth century prince Kotchubey left with his family abroad, behind the bushes, no one watched. Soon the bushes pollinated, and lost a lot of varieties. And only in the 50-ies of the beauty of Dykanka lilac groves remarked one of the party officials, who are so much like the area that he ordered in the garden song days.