7 Wonders of Ukraine
According to the results of social surveys and polls August 21, 2007, was elected "7 Wonders of Ukraine", historical and architectural monuments of Ukraine.
Organizing Committee put about a thousand different objects to the advisory council. The participant’s advisory council was hundreds of people (historians, cultural experts and leading specialists of tourist industry). At first it was 100 objects, and then 21 objects after universal voting, which was conducted on the Internet. In particular, there were 77,000 people who took part in the online voting. We want to introduce you in more detail with unique places and objects that have become the pride of all Ukraine.
Author Julia Skollibria
Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, Kyiv
St. Sophia Cathedral, Kyiv
Park "Sofiyivka", Uman, Cherkasy region
Reserve "Kamenetz", Kamenetz-Podolsk, Khmelnytsky region
Khotyn fortress, Hawtin, Chernivtsi region
Island of Khortytsya, Zaporozhye
Chersonese in Sevastopol
1. Kyiv Pechersk Lavra, Kyiv.
Two monks Antony and Feodosiy came to Kyiv from another town in the 1051. They began to dig the caves and live there, as there weren’t any place to live. Frankly speaking, almost all inhabitants of Kyiv lived in the caves and dugouts at that time, except nobility, certainly. With the lapse of time a lot of monks were coming to these lands. The underground town was growing up and later – overground stone buildings with the temples.
There were raised powerfull walls which were covering cathedrals, churches, bell towers, entrances into lots of caves. Into the walls of the Kyiv Pechersk Lavra were buried Nestor the Chronicler – the author of the famous “Primary Chronicle”, Yuriy Dolgorukiy – the founder of Moscow. Nowadays Lavra is the largest Orthodox Monastery of Ukraine.
2. Saint Sophia’s Cathedral, Kyiv.
Not many have survived from the Kievan Rus on the modern Kyiv’s area. The conquerors have burned, the time has destroyed and the following generations haven’t saved. Saint Sophia’s Cathedral is one of the many architectural monuments which have stayed till nowadays. At the beginning of the XI century it was laid by Prince Yaroslav the Wise.
Saint Sophia’s Cathedral is also famous by the Vladimir Monomakh’s coronation. It was destroyed by the Yuriy Dolgorukiy’s son in due time. It was burned out by Khan Mengli-Giray, was sacked by Khan Baty. Hetman Ivan Mazepa had been rebuilding. But it wasn’t the end. The church was sacked by the Bolsheviks, later by the fascists. But Saint Sophia’s Cathedral has endured the tortures proudly. This place can be truly proud of as it keeps 260square metres of mosaic and 3000 square metres frescoes. It is the biggest and unique collection of painting of the early epoch Middle Ages.
3. The National Dendrological Park of Ukraine “Sofiyivka”, Uman, Cherkasy Region.
Do you know where it came from the pyramidal poplar in Ukraine? Count Stanislaw Potocki brought them to us from Italy. He also created delightful park “Sofiyivka” for his adorable wife Sofia. It was spent 6 years for park construction and in the far 1802 the countess was enjoying with her present.
Sofia had Greek origin, so the Hellenic mythology was the integral part of the main park’s motifs: ancient Greek toponyms, the river Styx, the Ionian Sea, the underground river Acheron, the island of Anti-Circe, the ancient Greek thinkers’ and gods’ statues. Yearly the excellent condition of the park attracts many tourists. Everyone will find his bag in the Uman’s park: pedestrian excursion, boating, riding…
4. Kamianets National Historic-Architectural Reserve, Kamianets Podilskyi, Khmelnytskyi Region.
The Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle – is the excellent monument of the fortification architectural internationalism.
Noone passed the castle thereupon it got various influences from different nations: Turks, Ukrainians, Poles, Russians and Armenians. Nowadays there organized a great number of tournaments and festivals.
5. Khotyn Fortress, Khotyn, Chernivtsi Region.
In the 13th century was built a castle in the ancient town Khotyn on the bank of the Dnister. And who owned this castle became a ruler of these lands. During eight centuries there were Ukrainian, Turkish, Polish, Moldavian, Austrian, Russian and again Ukrainian rulers.
6. Island Khortytsia, Zaporizhia, Zaporizhia Region.
The biggest island on the Dniper (12,5 km long) – Khortytsia. But not this fact was the reason to enter it in the list “Seven Wonders of Ukraine”. In the 15th-18th centuries there were formed Cossack fortifications of the Zaporozhskaya Sech. On the Khortytsia Cossacks lived, prepared for fighting campaign, built the famous ships – ‘Seagulls’. In 1709 Zaporozhskaya Sech was destroyed be Moscow forces.
After 300 years it was restored partially. Nowadays it’s historical-cultural complex “Zaporozhskaya Sech” on the island Khortytsia. Everyone can be found in the atmosphere of the Cossack’s independent republic of those times; to see the way of living of our courageous ancestry in the kuren (garrison of Zapozhye Cossacks), call at the church, to see the craftsmen’s works, to watch their riding skills.
7. Chersonesos Taurica (Khersones Tavriysky), Sevastopol.
2000 years ago the Black Sea had the name Pont Euxine. There lived ancient Greek that settled Crimea, Sea of Azov and the South of the modern Ukraine. The Greeks were great nation who built towns, fighted and went successful into trade. In memory of those times they left us the ruins of Chersonese.
Nowadays everyone can take a walk through the ancient Greek streets, which were found during the excavations. Visit Sevastopol and You can enjoy the ancient Greek architecture, to know more about mode of this city.
Author Julia Skollibria